The study, commissioned by the RSPO Biodiversity and High Conservation Value Working Group (BHCV WG), investigated the challenges to effective management and monitoring of HCVs in RSPO-certified oil palm plantations and provides preliminary recommendations for addressing these challenges.
The centrepieces of the study are two sets of semi-structured interview surveys: company surveys and community surveys. The first set of surveys included 19 representatives of 16 palm-oil producing companies from 10 countries in Latin America, Southeast Asia and West Africa. The second set was conducted with members of six village communities located in or near oil palm plantations in West Kalimantan and South Sumatra in Indonesia. The survey’s findings were complemented by a literature review.
The study found that most of the surveyed companies had active HCV M&M plans and that M&M activities were generally similar between companies and regions. However, despite the similarities in M&M activities, there was a wide variation in participants’ reports of the resources allocated to M&M and the quality of the M&M. The study also revealed that numerous challenges are encountered with M&M, which may put HCVs at risk of damage or destruction. These challenges can be grouped into four larger categories:
- Technical challenges
- Economic challenges
- Collaboration challenges
- Social and community engagement challenges